Career in Web Design

A career in web design is the perfect fit for an individual who is creative and also enjoys working with technology. A web designer collaborates with a web developer to create a website. While the web developer works on the coding and functionality of the website, a web designer creates and organizes the web pages that make up a website.

Web designers must make important decisions regarding both how the pages on the site will function, and how the pages will look aesthetically. The challenge arises when these two decisions are at odds with one another and one area has to be sacrificed for the other. In other words, sometimes a website cannot be built to look a certain way because it would negatively affect the function of the site.

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Website Lifecycle

The process of creating a website includes several steps. First, a client requests a website. Then, the web designer gathers information about what content needs to be included in the website. They also determine how the navigation of the site should work to make it easy to get from one location in the site to another. Usability is vitally important to a website as this is what makes the user able to get the information theyıre needing from the site.

Web Accessibility

One recent area of discussion in the web design field centers on web accessibility. Web pages must be created in a manner that everyone can access them, regardless of the device being used. It is especially important to ensure those with any type of disability can access the website.

Cascading Style Sheets

Individuals with careers in web design often use Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) to assist in the placement of web components. CSS is a program that allows web designers to apply one consistent style to their entire website.  By using a special programming language, CSS applies styles, rather than images, to the web pages. This allows all pages to have a consistent look and feel. By using CSS, making modifications to a website is a simpler task, since only one image, rather than many, have to be updated.

Static versus dynamic web pages

The pages web designers create typically fall into one of two categories: static or dynamic. A static page does not change unless an individual manually updates it. On the other hand, dynamic pages change based on the input or interaction of the end-user. The content or the appearance could change (or both) on a dynamic page.

Server scripting languages are used to compile dynamic content. Examples of these languages include: PHP, ASP, and Perl. Content can also be changed by the end-user’s computer. This method of creating dynamic content involves using client-side script languages like JavaScript, media players, and PDF reader plug-ins.

Web designers and graphics designers

Web designers also create graphics, logos, and obtain content for websites. Sometimes the web designer also finds video or audio content for the site. In some organizations, a separate graphics designer creates the graphics for the website and passes them along to the web designer to integrate into the website. However, in many cases, the web designer serves both roles.

Web designers and web developers

The roles of a web designer vary depending on the company the individual works for. Typically a web designer and web developer work together to create websites, and make sure they function properly. Smaller companies may have one person who fills both roles. Traditionally, the web designer role involves the layout and design of the site whereas the web development role pertains to the logistics of making the site work properly.

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